Athletics Compliance Office | ASK BEFORE YOU ACT
Only an amateur student-athlete is eligible for intercollegiate
athletics participation in a particular sport. Freshmen and transfer
student-athletes initially enrolling at a division I institution are required to
complete the amateurism certification process outlined by the NCAA via the Eligibility
Center. Student-athletes could lose their amateur status, should they:
Baseball & Hockey Advisors
The services of an advisor MAY be sought in the sports of baseball and hockey without jeopardizing NCAA eligibility, provided:
In the state of Indiana, it is a Class D Felony for an agent to knowingly or intentionally enter into an agent contract or a professional sports services contract with a student-athlete without disclosure of recruitment via written notice, no later than 10 days before the contract is executed, to the head of the athletic department at the institution in which the student-athlete is enrolled. Indiana does not require agent registration.
It is not an NCAA violation for a student-athlete to merely talk to an agent or financial advisor. The Compliance Office can assist student-athletes in making important decisions regarding life after college athletics and in navigating difficult choices involving professional aspirations.
Under NCAA Bylaw 12.3, a student-athlete (any individual who currently participates in or who may be eligible in the future to participate in intercollegiate sport) may not agree verbally or in writing to be represented by an athlete agent in the present or in the future for the purpose of marketing the student-athlete's ability or reputation. If the student-athlete enters into such an agreement, the student-athlete is ineligible for intercollegiate competition.
Also, a student-athlete may not accept transportation or other benefits from an athlete agent. This prohibition applies to the student-athlete and his or her relatives or friends.
The term "agent" includes actual agents, runners (individuals who befriend student-athletes and frequently distribute impermissible benefits) and financial advisors.
It is not a violation of NCAA rules if a student-athlete merely talks to an agent (as long as an agreement for agent representation is not established) or socializes with an agent. For example, a student-athlete could go to dinner with an agent and no NCAA violations would result if the student-athlete provided his own transportation and paid for his meal.
What happens if a violation occurs?
Example: A student-athlete is befriended by a runner for an agent. The student-athlete is unaware of the connection between the runner and agent. The runner gives the student-athlete long-distance calling cards, pays for meals, articles of clothing and a new car stereo. The student-athlete never asks why the runner is providing him with these items.
The student-athlete's educational institution becomes aware of the runner's identity and the provision of benefits to the student-athlete.
The institution must declare the student-athlete ineligible for intercollegiate competition. The institution decides to ask for the reinstatement of the student-athlete's eligibility and sends a request to the NCAA staff.
At a minimum, the student-athlete will be required to repay the
value of the impermissible benefits and will be withheld from a certain number
of contests, based on case precedent.
Questions to ask a Prospective Agent
Statement from the NCAA
The NCAA supports the Uniform Athlete Agents Act (UAAA) and its adoption in every state. There can be significant damage resulting from the impermissible and oftentimes illegal practices of some athlete agents. Violations of NCAA agent legislation impact the eligibility of student-athletes for further participation in NCAA competition. Violations also may result in harsh penalties on the team and the university (including the imposition of NCAA sanctions that have resulted in the repayment of monies received from NCAA championship competition, forfeiture of contests and other penalties). The UAAA is an important tool in regulating the activities of athlete agents and protecting NCAA student-athletes and member institutions.
The NCAA also supports the Sports Agent Responsibility and Trust Act (SPARTA) as another viable tool, that can be used to combat the improper and illegal conduct of some athlete agents. A violation of this act is deemed an unfair or deceptive act or practice prescribed under section 18(a)(1)(B) of the Federal Trade Commission Act. Under SPARTA, a state Attorney General or a college and university can bring a civil cause of action to recover any damages caused by a prohibited activity. SPARTA serves as a vital federal backstop in all states that have yet to adopt the UAAA and contains a “Sense of Congress” section which urges states to enact the UAAA and its important athlete agent registration requirements.
Agent Information for Student-Athletes
Uniform Athlete Agents Act (UAAA)
Sports Agent Responsibility and Trust Act (SPARTA)
ASK BEFORE YOU ACT (574) 631-9647 I ASK an NCAA Compliance
Thursday, November 4, 2010
The NCAA salutes the more than 400,000 student-athletes participating in 23 sports at more than 1,000 member institutions. NCAA.org